Aerospace Systems Future Spacecraft and Instruments for Space Science Missions

XMM (X-ray Multi-Mirror) spacecraft to be built by 35 European companies. The spacecraft weighs about 3.9 tons and is scheduled for launch in 1999. It will deploy three high-performance telescopes for advanced x-ray astronomy (courtesy of Dornier/Daimler-Benz Aerospace and the European Space Agency).
FIRST (Far Infrared and Submillimeter Space Telescope). The spacecraft is to be launched in 2006 to study spectroscopy and photometry in the far-infrared and submillimeter wavelengths. A major part of the electromagnetic spectrum still remains mainly inaccessible to astronomers (courtesy of the European Space Agency).
Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility - Imaging (AXAF-I) (courtesy of TRW Space and Electronics Group).
Artist's rendering of the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysical Laboratory (INTEGRAL). The total launch mass is 4000 kg, and the payload launch mass is 2000 kg. The spacecraft will be launched in 2001 into a highly eccentric geosynchronous orbit. The cut-away view shows science instruments (courtesy of the European Space Agency).
Space Interferometry Mission (SIM) based on the Orbiting Stellar Interferometer architecture, which will serve as a pathfinder for future large imaging interferometers in space.
Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST). TRW and Lockheed Martin concepts for studying baby galaxies. The TRW concept is an eight-meter diameter telescope shaded from the Sun’s rays by a deployable silver-teflon sunshield and four aluminized mylar thermal shields measuring approximately 15m ´ 29m (courtesy of TRW and Lockheed Martin Civil Space Program).
Artist’s rendition of Planet Finder (PF) spacecraft-space infrared interferometer consisting of four 1.5 m telescopes in a linear 75 m baseline array for detecting and characterizing Earth-like systems (courtesy of JPL).
The Transition Region and Coronal Explorer (TRACE) scheduled for launch in 1997, one of the SMEX missions currently in development (courtesy of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center).
Wide Field Infrared Explorer (WIRE) scheduled for launch in 1998, one of the SMEX missions currently in development (courtesy of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center).
Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP), scheduled for launch in 2000, one of the candidate MIDEX missions (courtesy of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center).
Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) Satellite (courtesy of NASA and Orbital Sciences Corp.).

For additional information about the Center contact:
Professor Ahmed K. Noor
Director, Center for Advanced Engineering Environments

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